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Semantics

Download E-books Lexical Plurals: A Morphosemantic Approach (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) PDF

By Paolo Acquaviva

This ebook explores the wide range of situations within which the plural of nouns is lexical. while a plural is lexicalized it turns into a part of what it truly is to grasp a undeniable be aware: pence, for instance, is lexical since it capability a plurality of a undeniable variety - a a number of price, no longer a collection of actual items like pennies - and understanding this studying is understanding the observe. Languages express numerous examples of comparable word-dependent irregularities within the shape and which means of plural, yet those have by no means been analyzed extensive from a unified viewpoint. Dr. Acquaviva goals to just do that, utilizing analytic instruments from formal semantics and theoretical morphology to make clear the relation among grammar and the lexicon. After an advent starting up his technique he divides the publication into elements. the 1st supplies a based description of the methods plurality should be lexicalized with an emphasis on description and categorization. the second one analyzes extensive sorts of lexical plurals in Italian, Irish, Arabic and Breton. a last bankruptcy spells out the theoretical outcomes for the research of the lexicon. The booklet is uncommon in combining a vast typological class with a unified morphological and semantic research in accordance with a proper framework.

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Download E-books Connections, Definite Forms, and Four-manifolds (Oxford Mathematical Monographs) PDF

By Ted Petrie

The relevant subject of this e-book is the learn of self-dual connections on four-manifolds. The author's objective is to provide a lucid creation to moduli house concepts (for vector bundles with SO (3) as constitution team) and to use them to four-manifolds. The authors have followed a topologists' standpoint. for instance, they've got integrated a few particular calculations utilizing the Atiyah-Singer index theorem in addition to equipment from equivariant topology within the examine of the topology of the moduli area. effects coated comprise Donaldson's Theorem that the single confident certain shape which happens as an intersection type of a soft four-manifold is the traditional confident sure shape, in addition to these of Fintushel and Stern which convey that the quintessential homology cobordism crew of quintessential homology three-spheres has parts of limitless order. Little earlier wisdom of differential geometry is believed and so postgraduate scholars and learn staff will locate this either an available and entire advent to at the moment essentially the most energetic components of mathematical research.

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Download E-books God and Man in the Qur’an. Semantics of the Qur’anic Weltanschauung PDF

By Toshihiko Izutsu

This publication may possibly to boot were entitled in a extra basic method "Semantics of the Qur'an" yet for the very fact the most a part of the current examine is sort of commonly interested in the matter of the non-public relation among God and guy within the Qur'anic worldview. Coming from the pen of the 1st critical Asian non-Muslim student and a jap, this publication is now to be had in a brand new stronger edition.Book overview by way of Fazlur Rahman --"This publication, which constitutes quantity V of the sequence experiences within the Humanities and Social relatives of Keio college is written by way of Professor Toshihiko Izutsu and has emerged out of his lectures at McGill college, Montreal within the spring of 1962 and 1963. really, I participated in a seminar given by means of Dr. Izutsu at McGill throughout the 1960-61 consultation the place he had attempted out a number of the rules contained during this e-book. those appear to have matured through the years and this constitutes not just a great addition to the prevailing literature on Islam yet introduces a brand new method of the knowledge of Islam-particularly through non-Muslims-the linguistic technique. The Arabic blunders that seem within the e-book (some of which has to be sheer misprints that are additionally widespread within the e-book) must never lead the reader to accuse the author of inadequacy in Arabic which he is aware and speaks fluently. neither is this Dr. Izutsu's first paintings at the Qur'an, he has already given us a piece at the moral ideas of the Holy booklet

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Download E-books Reference to Abstract Objects in Discourse (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy) PDF

Reference to summary items in Discourse offers a novel framework and research of the methods we check with summary gadgets in usual language discourse. The ebook starts with a typology of summary items and similar entities like situations. After an advent to `bottom up, compositional' discourse illustration idea (DRT) and to past paintings on summary gadgets in DRT (notably paintings at the semantics of the attitudes), the e-book turns to a semantic research of eventuality and summary item denoting nominals in English. The ebook then considerably revises and extends the dynamic semantic framework of DRT to improve an research of anaphoric connection with summary gadgets and situations that exploits discourse constitution and the discourse kinfolk that receive among components of the constitution. A dynamic, semantically dependent concept of discourse constitution (SDRT) is proposed, besides many illustrative examples. additional chapters then give you the research of anaphoric connection with propositions vice chairman ellipsis. The summary entity anaphoric antecedents are parts of the discourse buildings that SDRT develops. the ultimate bankruptcy discusses a few logical and philosophical problems for a semantic research of connection with summary objects.
For semanticists, philosophers of language, machine scientists attracted to usual language purposes and discourse, philosophical logicians, graduate scholars in linguistics, philosophy, cognitive technological know-how and synthetic intelligence.

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Download E-books Grammatical Analysis: Morphology, Syntax and Semantics: Studies in Honor of Stanley Starosta (Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications (Paperback)) PDF

This quantity specializes in difficulties within the morphological and syntactic research of sure Asian and Pacific languages, bringing to endure replacement theories of grammar, together with relational, express, and lexicase dependency grammar, and a whole-word method of morphology.

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Download E-books On Conditionals PDF

On Conditionals presents the 1st significant cross-disciplinary account of conditional (if-then) structures. Conditional sentences at once replicate the language user's skill to cause approximately choices, uncertainties, and unrealised contingencies. An figuring out of the conceptual and behavioural agency interested in the development and interpretation of those sorts of sentences consequently offers primary insights into the inferential suggestions and the cognitive and linguistic procedures of people. the current quantity brings jointly stories from numerous views - philosophical, linguistic and mental - and goals to emphasize the intrinsic connections among the problems to be addressed and to indicate to new instructions for interdisciplinary paintings.

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Download E-books Pragmatics and Law: Philosophical Perspectives (Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology) PDF

This quantity highlights vital points of the complicated courting among universal language and felony perform. It hosts an interdisciplinary dialogue among cognitive technology, philosophy of language and philosophy of legislations, within which a world team of authors goals to advertise, increase and refine this new debate. 

Philosophers of legislations have continually proven a willing curiosity in cognitive technology and philosophy of language with a purpose to locate instruments to resolve their difficulties: lately this curiosity was once reciprocated and students from cognitive technological know-how and philosophy of language now glance to the legislation as a trying out floor for his or her theses.
Using the main subtle instruments to be had to pragmatics, sociolinguistics, cognitive sciences and criminal thought, an interdisciplinary, overseas workforce of authors deal with questions like: Does criminal interpretation fluctuate from usual realizing? Is the typical pragmatic gear applicable to felony perform? What can pragmatics educate in regards to the proposal of legislation and pervasive felony phenomena similar to testimony or felony disagreements?

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Download E-books Telicity, Change, and State: A Cross-Categorial View of Event Structure (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) PDF

This quantity provides new paintings via major researchers on important issues within the research of occasion constitution: the character and illustration of telicity, switch, and the suggestion of country. The publication advances our knowing of those facets of occasion constitution by means of combining foundational semantic learn with a sequence of case stories from a number of languages.
The ebook starts off with an summary of the theoretical concerns significant to the quantity, besides a short presentation of the remainder chapters and the issues of touch among them. The chapters, constructed inside numerous diverse theoretical views, advertise cross-theory in addition to cross-linguistic comparability.

The paintings will curiosity students and complicated scholars of morphology, syntax, semantics, and their interfaces. it's going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition who're drawn to the notions of telicity, switch, and stativity.

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Download E-books Theory and Typology of Proper Names (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs 168) PDF

This publication proposes a brand new synthesis of the features of right names, from a semantic, pragmatic and syntactic viewpoint. right names are approached constructionally, distinguishing prototypical makes use of from extra marked ones reminiscent of these during which names are used as universal nouns. considering that what's typically considered as 'the' category of names seems to be just one attainable functionality of name-forms (though a prototypical one), the suggestion of 'proprial lemma' is brought because the suggestion at the back of either proprial and appellative makes use of of such different types as position names and private names. New formal arguments are adduced to tell apart right identify functionality from universal noun or pronoun functionality. The unique prestige of right names is captured in a unified pragmatic-semantic-syntactic concept: a formal identify denotes a special entity on the point of langue to make it psychosocially salient inside a given simple point classification. The that means of the identify, if any, doesn't be sure its denotation. an enormous formal mirrored image of this characterization of names is their skill to seem in such shut appositional buildings because the poet Burns or Fido the puppy. The neurolinguistic discovering that right names represent a separate type is brought and interpreted inside a basic linguistic body of reference. the various sorts of meanings linked to names (categorical, associative, emotive, and grammatical) are proven to be presuppositional in nature. furthermore, the ebook proposes a wholly new category of right names as forming a continuum starting from prototypical (personal and position names) to nonprototypical different types (brand and language names) to citations and autonyms, and a brand new diachronic class of relatives names and nicknames. This booklet fills an immense hole within the present literature, as the most up-to-date linguistic ebook in English on identify conception dates again to 1973. it truly is explicitly interdisciplinary, bearing in mind linguistic, philosophical, neu

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Download E-books Parts of a Whole: Distributivity as a Bridge Between Aspect and Measurement (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) PDF

This booklet makes use of mathematical types of language to provide an explanation for why there are particular gaps in language: issues that we'd count on with the intention to say yet cannot. for example, why do we say I ran for 5 mins yet now not *I ran to the shop for 5 mins? Why is 5 kilos of books applicable, yet *five kilos of publication now not appropriate? What prevents us from asserting *sixty levels of water to precise the temperature of the water in a swimming pool whilst sixty inches of water can exhibit its intensity? And why will we no longer say *all the ants in my kitchen are quite a few? the restrictions on those structures contain recommendations which are often studied individually: element, plural and mass reference, dimension, and distributivity. during this ebook, Lucas Champollion presents a unified viewpoint on those domain names, connects them officially in the framework of algebraic semantics and mereology, and makes use of this connection to move insights throughout unrelated our bodies of literature and formulate a unmarried constraint that explains all the judgments above.

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