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Semantics

Download E-books Thought-Contents: On the Ontology of Belief and the Semantics of Belief Attribution (Philosophical Studies Series) PDF

By Steven E. Boër

This publication presents a proper ontology of senses and the belief-relation that grounds the excellence among de dicto, de re, and de se ideals in addition to the opacity of trust experiences. in keeping with this ontology, the relata of the belief-relation are an agent and a unique kind of object-dependent feel (a "thought-content"), the latter being an "abstract" estate encoding numerous syntactic and semantic constraints on sentences of a language of thought.

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Download E-books What did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts PDF

By Anna Wierzbicka

During this hugely interdisciplinary paintings, linguist Anna Wierzbicka casts new mild at the phrases of Jesus by means of taking her famous semantic conception of "universal human concepts"- suggestions that are intuitively comprehensible and self-explanatory throughout languages-and bringing it to endure on Jesus' parables and the Sermon at the Mount. Her process leads to strikingly novel interpretations of the Gospels. Written in discussion with different biblical commentators, What Did Jesus Mean? is either scholarly rigorous but accessible.

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Download E-books Computing Meaning: Volume 3 (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy) PDF

This booklet offers an in-depth view of the present matters, difficulties and ways within the computation of which means as expressed in language. aimed toward linguists, desktop scientists, and logicians with an curiosity within the computation of that means, this e-book specializes in major issues in fresh learn in computational semantics. the 1st subject is the definition and use of underspecified semantic representations, i.e. formal constructions that symbolize a part of the which means of a linguistic item whereas leaving different components unspecified. the second one subject mentioned is semantic annotation. Annotated corpora became an critical source either for linguists and for builders of language and speech expertise, specifically while utilized in mix with desktop studying tools. The annotation in corpora has merely marginally addressed semantic details, despite the fact that, in view that semantic annotation methodologies are nonetheless of their infancy. This e-book discusses the improvement and alertness of such methodologies.

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Download E-books Dynamics of Meaning: Anaphora, Presupposition, and the Theory of Grammar PDF

By Gennaro Chierchia

In The Dynamics of Meaning, Gennaro Chierchia tackles primary concerns in dynamic semantics and extends the final framework.

Chapter 1 introduces the inspiration of dynamic semantics and discusses intimately the phenomena which have been used to encourage it, similar to "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification. the second one bankruptcy explores in better intensity the translation of indefinites and concerns with regards to presuppositions of area of expertise and the "E-type strategy." In bankruptcy three, Chierchia extends the dynamic method of the area of syntactic conception, contemplating a variety of empirical difficulties that incorporates backwards anaphora, reconstruction results, and vulnerable crossover. the ultimate bankruptcy develops the formal approach of dynamic semantics to house principal problems with definites and presupposition. Chierchia indicates that an technique in response to a principled enrichment of the mechanisms facing that means is to be most well liked on empirical grounds over techniques that depend upon an enrichment of the syntactic apparatus.

Dynamics of Meaning illustrates how possible summary stances at the nature of which means could have major and far-reaching linguistic results, resulting in the detection of latest evidence and influencing our knowing of the syntax/semantics/pragmatics interface.

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Download E-books Key Terms in Systemic Functional Linguistics PDF

The box of Systemic sensible Linguistics is a social semiotic method of language pioneered via M. A. ok. Halliday, which has assumed a principal significance in linguistics lately, anchored via a becoming physique of work.

This e-book information the major phrases, the major thinkers and the major texts during this box in an approachable, effortless to appreciate and obtainable demeanour. it truly is authored through prime names within the box and is aimed toward undergraduates and postgraduates learning linguistics and language studies.

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Download E-books Multimodal Semiotics: Functional Analysis in Contexts of Education PDF

This quantity provides an outline of latest advancements and functions of social semiotic thought. Pioneered through M.A.K. Halliday, social semiotic thought sees which means as created in the course of the interplay of texts (including writing, pictures, sound and area) inside of a given context. Divided into 5 sections, the participants use social semiotic thought to examine more than a few contexts, together with the study room, the museum and cinema. The case stories express the variety and scope of this technique of study, and comprise: the varsity curriculum; literacy; print media; on-line assets; movie; and advertising.

Multimodal Semiotics could be of curiosity to lecturers learning social semiotic concept, systemic sensible linguistics and utilized linguistics.

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Download E-books Compositional Semantics: An Introduction to the Syntax/Semantics Interface (Oxford Textbooks in Linguistics) PDF

This booklet offers an advent to compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface. it's rooted in the culture of version theoretic semantics, and develops an particular fragment of either the syntax and semantics of a wealthy section of English.

Professor Jacobson adopts an instantaneous Compositionality strategy, wherein the syntax builds the expressions whereas the semantics concurrently assigns each one a model-theoretic interpretation. along this procedure, the writer additionally provides a competing view that uses an intermediate point, Logical shape. She develops parallel remedies of a number of phenomena from either issues of view with unique comparisons. The booklet starts off with basic and primary innovations and steadily builds a extra complicated fragment, together with analyses of extra complicated issues resembling concentration, unfavorable polarity, and various subject matters centering on pronouns and binding extra in general. workouts are supplied all through, along open-ended questions for college kids to think about. The routines are interspersed with the textual content to advertise self-discovery of the basics and their applications.

The booklet presents a rigorous origin in formal research and version theoretic semantics and is acceptable for complex undergraduate and graduate scholars in linguistics, philosophy of language, and comparable fields.

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Download E-books Language in Thought and Action: Fifth Edition PDF

In an period whilst conversation has develop into more and more different and complicated, this vintage paintings on semantics—now totally revised and updated—distills the connection among language and those that use it.

 

Renowned professor and previous U.S. Senator S. I. Hayakawa discusses the position of language in human lifestyles, the numerous capabilities of language, and the way language—sometimes with no our knowing—shapes our pondering during this attractive and hugely revered booklet. Provocative and erudite, it examines the connection among language and racial and non secular prejudice; the character and risks of ads from a linguistic standpoint; and, in an extra bankruptcy referred to as “The Empty Eye,” the content material, shape, and hidden message of tv, from scenario comedies to information insurance to political advertising.

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